Towards organic photohydrides: Excited-state behavior of 10-methyl-9-phenyl-9,10-dihydroacridine
The excited-state hydride release from 10-methyl-9-phenyl-9,10-dihydroacridine (PhAcrH) was investigated using steady-state and time-resolved UV/vis absorption spectroscopy. Upon excitation, PhAcrH is oxidized to the corresponding iminium ion (PhAcr+), while the solvent (acetonitrile/water mixture) is reduced (52% of PhAcr+ and 2.5% of hydrogen is formed). The hydride release occurs from the triplet excited state by a stepwise electron/hydrogen-atom transfer mechanism. To facilitate the search for improved organic photohydrides that exhibit a concerted mechanism, a computational methodology is presented that evaluates the thermodynamic parameters for the hydride ion, hydrogen atom, and electron release from organic hydrides.