The Auger spectrum of benzene

N.K. Jayadev, A. Ferino-Perez, F. Matz, A.I. Krylov, and T.-C. Jagau
J. Chem. Phys.  158, 064109 (2023)

We present an ab initio computational study of the Auger electron spectrum of benzene. Auger electron spectroscopy exploits the Auger-Meitner effect and, although it is established as an analytic technique, the theoretical modeling of molecular Auger spectra from first principles remains challenging. Here, we use coupled-cluster and equation-of-motion coupled-cluster theory combined with two approaches to describe the decaying nature of core-ionized states: (i) Feshbach-Fano resonance theory and (ii) the method of complex basis functions. The spectra computed with these two approaches are in excellent agreement with each other and also agree well with experimental Auger spectra of benzene. The Auger spectrum of benzene features two well-resolved peaks at Auger electron energies above 260 eV that correspond to final states with two electrons removed from the 1e1g and 3e2g highest occupied molecular orbitals. At lower Auger electron energies, the spectrum is less well resolved and the peaks comprise multiple final states of the benzene dication. In line with theoretical considerations, singlet decay channels contribute more to the total Auger intensity than the corresponding triplet decay channels.

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